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From 30.000 feet converts SUMO fcd output to different "trace file" formats: OMNET, Shawn, ns2/ns3, PHEM.

Purpose: trace file conversion/generation
System: portable (Linux/Windows is tested); runs on command line
Input (mandatory): SUMO fcd-output
Output: One or more "trace file(s)" and other complementary files
Programming Language: Python


Different applications read "vehicular traces", files containing mainly positions of vehicles over time. generates such files by converting SUMO's fcd output into several supported formats. Following files can be generated, sorted by application:

  • OMNET: mobility-traces (.xml)
  • Shawn: snapshot-files (.xml)
  • ns2/ns3: trace-files, activity-files, and mobility-files (all *.tcl)
  • PHEM: .dri-files, .str-files, .fzp-files, .flt-files
  • GPSDAT csv traces (id,date,x,y,status,speedKMH)
  • GPX
  • POIs (can visualize GPS distortions and sampling in SUMO-GUI)

Installation comes with SUMO and is located in <SUMO_HOME>/tools/. Python must be installed.

Usage Description

You convert a given fcd output into a format using a command like this: --fcd-input myFCDoutput.xml --omnet-output myOMNETfile.xml

In the case given above, a file for OMNET will be built.

In the following, the command line options are described.

Input Options often needs only the fcd output as input. In some cases, the network used while obtaining the fcd output must be given. gives an error message if the wanted output needs additional files, such as the network, but no such file is specified. The options for defining the input files are:

Option Description
--fcd-input <FILE>
-i <FILE>
The fcd-output - file to convert
--net-input <FILE>
-n <FILE>
The network file used; Mainly used for exporting the network

Output Options

In the following, the output options of are given, divided by the application,


Option Description
--dri-output <FILE> Generates a PHEM .dri-file named <FILE>
--str-output <FILE> Generates a PHEM .str-file named <FILE>; note that the SUMO network used during the simulation must be given using the --net-input option
--fzp-output <FILE> Generates a PHEM .fzp-file named <FILE>
--flt-output <FILE> Generates a PHEM .flt-file named <FILE>


Option Description
--omnet-output <FILE> Generates a OMNET mobility trace named <FILE>


Option Description
--shawn-output <FILE> Generates a Shawn snaphot file named <FILE>


Option Description
--ns2config-output <FILE> Generates a ns2 configuration file named <FILE>
--ns2activity-output <FILE> Generates a ns2 activity file named <FILE>
--ns2mobility-output <FILE> Generates a ns2 mobility file named <FILE>


Option Description
--gpsdat-output <FILE> Generates a GPSDAT file named <FILE>


Option Description
--gpx-output <FILE> Generates a GPX file named <FILE>


Option Description
--poi-output <FILE> Generates a SUMO PoI file named <FILE>

Processing Options

Several options allow to fine-tune the processing.

Option Description
--persons <BOOL> Whether persons should be included in the trace; default: False
--penetration <FLOAT> A float between 0 and 1, defining the probability of a vehicle to be included in the output; default: 1
--gps-blur <FLOAT> A float defining a random offset applied on the vehicle positions before exporting them; default: 0
--boundary <FLOAT>,<FLOAT>,<FLOAT>,<FLOAT> Defines the bounding box as 'xmin,ymin,xmax,ymax'
--delta-t <TIME>
-d <TIME>
Defines the time sampling, if given; only every <TIME> time step will be exported.
--begin <TIME>
-b <TIME>
Time steps before <TIME> are not exported.
--end <TIME>
-e <TIME>
Time steps after <TIME> are not exported. Please note that some issues are known, here.
--seed <INT>
-s <INT>
The randomizer seed to use.
--base-date <INT>
-s <INT>
The base date in seconds since the epoch (1970-01-01 00:00:00), the default is the current local time.

Additional Options

Option Description
Shows a help screen.

See Also

Seventh Framework Programme COLOMBO project This part of SUMO was developed, reworked, or extended within the project "COLOMBO", co-funded by the European Commission within the Seventh Framework Programme.