Other/Glossary

generated on 2019-04-21 00:06:37.751791 from the wiki page for Other/Glossary for SUMO git

A

application
An application is a computer program, herein, an "application" mostly means one of the main, compiled programs that are included in the SUMO package.
additional-file
A file that can be included in a sumo configuration. This is needed to load pois, shapes, bus stops and variable speed signs. Refer to the format description for details.

C

connection(s)-file
An XML-file describing connections between edges or lanes, see connection descriptions for importing networks defined as XML

D

DELPHI
Deutschlandweite Echtzeit Verkehrs-Lage und Prognose im Ereignisfall
destination
The position of the end of a vehicle journey. Mostly a TAZ processed by OD2TRIPs within which a "sink" edge lies
detector
An artificial device for object (mainly vehicle) states recognition and/or logging
DFD
Deutsches Fernerkundungsdatenzentrum des DLR
district
see TAZ
DLR
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt
DUA
Dynamic User Assignment
DUE
Dynamic User Equilibrium

E

edge
A single-directed street connection between two points (junctions/nodes). An edge contains at least one lane
edge(s)-file
A XML-file describing edges of a road network, see edge descriptions for importing networks defined as XML

F

FCD
Floating Car Data

I

induction loop
A detector placed on a certain position on a lane which recognizes vehicles passing it and logs their attributes (speed, size, etc.)

J

junction
The place an edge begins or ends at (same as node)
junction logic
The part of a junction which determines the vehicle behaviour at the according junction by using certain right-of-way - rules

L

link
A connection between two lanes within a junction. Within microsim, each lane has links (connections) to the following lanes. A link contains the information whether the vehicle has to decelerate in front of the junction.

M

macroscopic
In a macroscopic traffic (flow) simulation, the atomic instances are roads; the flow is simulated directly (see microscopic)
mesoscopic
In a mesoscopic traffic (flow) simulation, the streets are partitioned into sections which multiple vehicles may enter and leave at each simulation step
microscopic
In a microscopic traffic (flow) simulation, the atomic instances are vehicles; the flow is simulated by simulating the vehicles (see macroscopic)
multimodal
A multimodal traffic simulation is capable of processing different types of traffic (busses, trains, vehicles etc.)

N

(street) network
In our terms, a network is the combination of junctions (nodes) and edges (streets)
node
A node (junction) is a single point were at least one edge (road) starts or ends
node(s)-file
A XML-file describing nodes of a road network, see node descriptions for importing networks defined as XML

O

O/D-matrix (od-matrix)
Origin/Destination-matrix; describes how many vehicles are moving from each origin to each destination within a certain time period
option
A parameter for the application which determines what or how an application shall do
origin
The position of the begin of a vehicle journey. Mostly a TAZ processed by OD2TRIPs within which a "source" edge lies

P

poi
short for "point of interest"; A position of an object that may be interesting

R

route
A route is a complete description of a vehicle's path over the network; it contains the information when the vehicle departs (the route starts) and over which edges the vehicle shall drive

S

script
A small computer program which normally doees not have to be compiled. The SUMO package includes several scripts, most written in Python
source
A source means a place at which vehicles are inserted into the street network
source-tar-ball 
A file containing the sources (program code) for a project. The source code must be compiled in order to get the runnable application. It is called "tar-ball" because of using the application "tar" to join all the source files into a single file.
submicroscopic
In a submicroscopic traffic (flow) simulation, the atomic instances are parts of the vehicle or the driver (gearing or behavior is modelled)

T

TAZ
Traffic Assignment Zone, a collection of edges describing a part of a road network's area (also called 'district')
TLS
traffic lights system
trip
A reduced information about a vehicle's movement; contains only the departure time, the begin, and the end edge. Must be transformed into a route using a router for being used within the simulation
trip-table (trip list)
A file containing several trips
TS
Institute of Transportation Systems at the German Aerospace Center (DLR)
TS-BS
TS Standort Braunschweig
TS-BA
TS Standort Berlin-Adlershof
type(s)-file
A XML-file describing types of streets, see type descriptions for importing networks defined as XML

X

XML 
"eXtensible Markup Language is a universal format for structured documents and data" as the w3c says. Further information may be found at http://www.w3c.org/XML/ or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XML. Most of the data read and written by SUMO is stored as XML, see also the page on file types.
XSD 
XML Schema Definitions "... provide a means for defining the structure, content and semantics of XML documents" as the w3c says. Further information may be found at http://www.w3.org/XML/Schema or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XML_Schema_%28W3C%29. A part of the XML data formats used by SUMO is covered by xsd, see the page on file types.

Z