Installing/Windows Build

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This document describes how to build Sumo under Windows using only freely available (this does not mean "open source") tools. Please read the whole document before you start, there are some detours and shortcuts included.

If you do not need the GUI, you can skip everything concerning Fox. If you don't need precise Geodata conversion, you can skip everything concerning GDAL, Proj and FWTools.

  • Download Visual C++ 2005 Express Edition (or a newer one) and the Platform SDK and install them. Be sure to configure Visual Studio correctly to find the platform includes and libs.
  • Download Python and install it. It is used to dynamically include the SVN revision into compilation. (The build will work without it, but you may see nasty warnings and even editor windows popping up.)
  • Download the Xerces-C sources (I used Version 2.7.0), the Fox sources (I used Version 1.4.29) and the FWTools including GDAL and PROJ (I used Version 1.1.3).
  • Note on installation paths: MSVC seems to have difficulties with include and library paths containing spaces (for instance C:\Program Files). Thus try to avoid installing any of the following libraries in such paths.

Everything described will only work with current SVN or with a release later than 0.9.5. Please note that for compiling from svn either Python has to be installed on your system (which is a good idea, because also many Sumo tools are python scripts) or you have to undefine HAVE_VERSION_H in src/windows_config.h.



Until sumo 0.10.3 (precisely up to svn revision 6993) sumo used xerces-c 2.8 by default, now it uses xerces-c 3.0.1. The changes needed to compile with a different xerces version should be limited to changing src/windows_config.h, build/msvc8/Win32.vsprops and / or build/msvc8/x64.vsprops.

set XERCES=D:\libs\xerces-c-3.0.1-x86-windows-vc-8.0.
  • Copy dll-files %XERCES%\bin\xerces-c_3_0.dll and %XERCES%\bin\xerces-c_3_0D.dll to some directory which is in your PATH (last resort: into windows' system32 directory).
  • For the 64bit build the name of the variable is XERCES_64


  • If you don't need a GUI, you can skip this section.
  • Go to the Fox directory and open the VC project e.g. D:\libs\fox-1.4.29\windows\vcpp\win32.dsw.
  • Confirm the conversion to VC 8.0 and build all projects.
  • You will get approximately 240 warnings and one error, which can be ignored.
  • Errors on not finding windows.h mean You have not installed the SDK properly.
  • Create a environment variable FOX14 pointing to your Fox directory, e.g.
set FOX14=D:\libs\fox-1.4.29.
  • Copy dll-files %FOX14%\libs\fox-1.4.29\lib\FOXDLL-1.4.dll and %FOX14%\lib\FOXDLLD-1.4.dll to some directory which is in your PATH (last resort: into windows' system32 directory).

It works as well with the most recent fox 1.4 release (1.4.35 as of 12.01.07).


If you don't need transformation of geocoordinates you can disable proj and gdal in src/windows_config.h and skip this section. Otherwise you have the choice between downloading the binary FWTools distribution or compiling for yourself. Building from source should only be necessary if you want a 64bit build or if you want to ship a copy of the sumo executable(s) without the need to ship the FWTools as well.


  • Just execute the binary and select a target directory.
  • Create a environment variable PROJ_GDAL pointing to that directory, e.g.
set PROJ_GDAL=D:\libs\FWTools1.1.3.
  • Add %PROJ_GDAL%\bin to your PATH (or copy the contents to some directory in your PATH).

Building from source

If you want to build for some reason PROJ and GDAL yourself, please follow the relevant build instructions for PROJ and for GDAL. You should install in a common directory then and let the PROJ_GDAL variable point to it as above. You should also copy proj.dll and gdal*.dll to a directory in your PATH.



  • If you installed all libraries and defined the environment variables correctly there is no need for further configuration and you can skip to the build section.
  • The Visual Studio build is configured using .vsprops files in the build/msvc8 subdirectory. If you change some setting which should apply to all subprojects, be sure to edit those files (either with a text editor or the property manager of Visual Studio) and not the project configuration (.vcproj).
  • If you do not like to define the places of the includes and libraries via environment variables you can enter the location directly into x64.vsprops or Win32.vsprops (or both, depending on your target platforms). You should also disable PROJ and GDAL in those files (if you don't need them) by setting the value for the appropriate "LIB" Usermacro to the empty string.


  • Open the project sumo\build\msvc8\prj.sln and build the configurations you need.
  • The x64 build is still in experimental stage. It is configured not to use Proj, GDAL and Fox and therefore does not build the guisim.


Linker reports something similar to "LINK : fatal error LNK1104: cannot open file 'C:\Program.obj'"

You probably have installed a library to a path containing white spaces in its name. In such a case, the according environment variable should be embedded in quotes (").
Example: set FOX="D:\my libs\fox-1.4.29".

Failure on pre-build event

If Visual Studio reports a failed pre-build event you can safely ignore this, unless you are building from the subversion repository. In this case you should probably install Python.