SUMO

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From 30.000 feet

SUMO is the simulation itself; it is a microscopic, space-continuous, and time-discrete traffic flow simulation.

Purpose: Simulates a defined scenario
System: portable (Linux/Windows is tested); runs on command line
Input (mandatory):
A) a road network as generated via NETCONVERT or NETGENERATE, see Building Networks
B) a set of routes (as generated by DUAROUTER, JTRROUTER, DFROUTER, or ACTIVITYGEN, see also Definition of Vehicles, Vehicle Types, and Routes)
Input (optional): Additional definitions of traffic lights, variable speed signs, output detectors etc.
Output: SUMO allows to generate a wide set of outputs; visualization is done using SUMO-GUI
Programming Language: c++

Usage Description

Options

You may use a XML schema definition file for setting up a SUMO configuration: sumoConfiguration.xsd.

Configuration

Option Default Value Description
-c <FILE>
--configuration-file <FILE>
Loads the named config on startup
--save-configuration <FILE> Saves current configuration into FILE
--save-template <FILE> Saves a configuration template (empty) into FILE
--save-schema <FILE> Saves the configuration schema into FILE
--save-commented <BOOL> false Adds comments to saved template, configuration, or schema

Input

Option Default Value Description
-n <FILE>
--net-file <FILE>
Load road network description from FILE
-r <FILE>
--route-files <FILE>
Load routes descriptions from FILE(s)
-a <FILE>
--additional-files <FILE>
Load further descriptions from FILE(s)
-w <FILE>
--weight-files <FILE>
Load edge/lane weights for online rerouting from FILE
-x <STRING>
--weight-attribute <STRING>
traveltime Name of the xml attribute which gives the edge weight

Output

Option Default Value Description
--netstate-dump <FILE> Save complete network states into FILE
--netstate-dump.empty-edges <BOOL> false Write also empty edges completely when dumping
--emission-output <FILE> Save the emission values of each vehicle
--fcd-output <FILE> Save the Floating Car Data
--fcd-output.geo <BOOL> false Save the Floating Car Data using geo-coordinates (lon/lat)
--full-output <FILE> Save a lot of information for each timestep (very redundant)
--queue-output <FILE> Save the vehicle queues at the junctions (experimental)
--vtk-output <FILE> Save complete vehicle positions in VTK Format (usage: /file/out will produce /file/out_$NR$.vtp files)
--summary-output <FILE> Save aggregated vehicle departure info into FILE
--tripinfo-output <FILE> Save single vehicle trip info into FILE
--vehroute-output <FILE> Save single vehicle route info into FILE
--vehroute-output.exit-times <BOOL> false Write the exit times for all edges
--vehroute-output.last-route <BOOL> false Write the last route only
--vehroute-output.sorted <BOOL> false Sorts the output by departure time
--vehroute-output.write-unfinished <BOOL> false Write vehroute output for vehicles which have not arrived at simulation end

Time

Option Default Value Description
-b <TIME>
--begin <TIME>
0 Defines the begin time; The simulation starts at this time
-e <TIME>
--end <TIME>
-1 Defines the end time; The simulation ends at this time
--step-length <TIME> 1 Defines the step duration

Processing

Option Default Value Description
-s <TIME>
--route-steps <TIME>
200 Load routes for the next number of seconds ahead
--no-internal-links <BOOL> false Disable (junction) internal links
--ignore-accidents <BOOL> false Do not check whether accidents occure more deeply
--ignore-route-errors <BOOL> false Do not check whether routes are connected
--max-num-vehicles <INT> -1 Quit simulation if this number of vehicles is exceeded
--incremental-dua-step <INT> Perform the simulation as a step in incremental DUA
--incremental-dua-base <INT> 10 Base value for incremental DUA
--scale <FLOAT> Scale demand by the given factor (0..1)
--time-to-teleport <TIME> 300 Specify how long a vehicle may wait until being teleported, defaults to 300, non-positive values disable teleporting
--max-depart-delay <TIME> -1 How long vehicles wait for departure before being skipped, defaults to -1 which means vehicles are never skipped
--sloppy-insert <BOOL> false Whether insertion on an edge shall not be repeated in same step once failed.
--lanechange.allow-swap <BOOL> false Whether blocking vehicles trying to change lanes may be swapped.
--routing-algorithm <STRING> dijkstra Select among routing algorithms ['dijkstra', 'astar']
--routeDist.maxsize <INT> Restrict the maximum size of route distributions

Report

Option Default Value Description
-v <BOOL>
--verbose <BOOL>
false Switches to verbose output
-p <BOOL>
--print-options <BOOL>
false Prints option values before processing
-? <BOOL>
--help <BOOL>
false Prints this screen
-V <BOOL>
--version <BOOL>
false Prints the current version
-X <BOOL>
--xml-validation <BOOL>
false Enable schema validation of XML inputs
-W <BOOL>
--no-warnings <BOOL>
false Disables output of warnings
-l <FILE>
--log <FILE>
Writes all messages to FILE (implies verbose)
--message-log <FILE> Writes all non-error messages to FILE (implies verbose)
--error-log <FILE> Writes all warnings and errors to FILE
--no-duration-log <BOOL> false Disable performance reports for individual simulation steps
--no-step-log <BOOL> false Disable console output of current simulation step

Routing

Option Default Value Description
--device.rerouting.probability <FLOAT> 0 The probability for a vehicle to have a routing device
--device.rerouting.explicit <STRING> Assign a device to named vehicles
--device.rerouting.deterministic <BOOL> false The devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000
--device.rerouting.period <TIME> 0 The period with which the vehicle shall be rerouted
--device.rerouting.pre-period <TIME> 0 The rerouting period before depart
--device.rerouting.adaptation-weight <FLOAT> 0.5 The weight of prior edge weights.
--device.rerouting.adaptation-interval <TIME> 1 The interval for updating the edge weights.
--device.rerouting.with-taz <BOOL> false Use zones (districts) as routing end points
--device.rerouting.init-with-loaded-weights <BOOL> false Use given weight files for initializing edge weights

Emissions

Option Default Value Description
--device.hbefa.probability <FLOAT> 0 The probability for a vehicle to have an emission logging device
--device.hbefa.explicit <STRING> Assign a device to named vehicles
--device.hbefa.deterministic <BOOL> false The devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000

Traci Server

Option Default Value Description
--remote-port <INT> 0 Enables TraCI Server if set

Random Number

Option Default Value Description
--random <BOOL> false Initialises the random number generator with the current system time
--seed <INT> 23423 Initialises the random number generator with the given value

Gui Only

Option Default Value Description
--gui-settings-file <FILE> Load visualisation settings from FILE
-Q <BOOL>
--quit-on-end <BOOL>
false Quits the GUI when the simulation stops
-G <BOOL>
--game <BOOL>
false Start the GUI in gaming mode
-S <BOOL>
--start <BOOL>
false Start the simulation after loading
-T <BOOL>
--disable-textures <BOOL>
false Do not load background pictures

Subtopics