Validation of XML inputs#
All SUMO applications support XML validation for their inputs. To enable this, the following options can be used:
|Set schema validation scheme of XML inputs ("never", "local", "auto" or "always"); default: local|
|--xml-validation.net <STRING>||Set schema validation scheme of SUMO network inputs ("never", "local", "auto" or "always"); default: never|
|--xml-validation.routes <STRING>||Set schema validation scheme of SUMO route inputs ("never", "local", "auto" or "always"); default: local|
Validation is performed by activating XML schema processing in the XML parser. This catches many common input errors such as spelling mistakes and attributes which should have been placed within another element.
Another prerequisite for validation is a schema declaration within the root element of the input file such as
<routes xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="http://sumo.dlr.de/xsd/routes_file.xsd">
When setting the validation options to always the schemata for networks, additional files and routes are pre-parsed from the local schema file. For all other file types a missing declaration will lead to an error in this case.
The validation option auto (which was the default before SUMO 1.15.0) in contrast only validates the file if the schema declaration is present. It tries to parse the schema first from the local path, see the section schema files and falls back to the web version if SUMO_HOME is not set or the file could not be found. The current default local has no fallback, so validation will fail if the local file is not accessible (or SUMO_HOME is not set). This is to prevent unintended network access and XXE attacks.
Schema validation may slowdown XML parsing considerably and is therefore disabled for the network input by default (because networks should not be edited by hand and therefore be valid anyway).
If you have large auto-generated inputs you may consider disabling schema validation altogether. See also this FAQ
Adding a schema declaration#
Files that are written by one of the SUMO applications automatically receive the appropriate schema declaration. When writing an input file from scratch the schema declaration must be added manually to the root element as follows:
<ROOT_ELEMENT xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="http://sumo.dlr.de/xsd/SCHEMA_FILE">
where ROOT_ELEMENT and SCHEMA_FILE should be set according to the following table:
|--route-files, --trip-files, --flow-files||routes||routes_file.xsd|
The value of ROOT_ELEMENT is a matter of convention and may take an arbitrary value.
The schema files can be found in the <SUMO_HOME>/data/xsd directory of your SUMO installation. If the environment variable SUMO_HOME is set, these files will be used when validating inputs.
Otherwise, the files are loaded from http://sumo.dlr.de/xsd/SCHEMA_FILE which may slow down the application (or fail if there is no internet connection).
SUMO File Types#
A complete listing of file extensions used by SUMO Applications is given at File_Extensions.
Disabling Schema Validation#
To disable schema validation any of the following actions is sufficient
- set the option --xml-validation never
- Remove the
xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="http://sumo.dlr.de/xsd/....xsd"attribute from the top of the XML input file.