SUMO allows modelling access restrictions via a predefined set of so-called vehicle classes. Each vehicle has a vehicle class and each simulation lane allows a set of vehicle classes. Vehicles may only drive on lanes that allows its vehicle class.

This is useful for describing multi-modal traffic scenarios by distinguishing between passenger cars, bicycles, tram and pedestrians.

Vehicle definition#

The vehicle class of a vehicle is defined by first defining a vehicle type with the appropriate vehicle class and then assigning that type to the vehicle. An example is given below:

  <vType id="myType" vClass="bus"/>

  <vehicle id="veh0" type="myType" depart="0">
    <route edges="a b c"/>

If no such definition is given, the vehicle class defaults to passenger (normal passenger cars). By setting the attribute, a set of default type parameters is automatically assigned to better correspond to a typical vehicle of that class.

Network definition#

In a .net.xml file, each lane defines a set of permitted vehicle classes. This definition is either

For visualizing access permissions, either sumo-gui or netedit may be used.

Special cases#

The vehicle class ignoring may drive on any edge.

The vehicle class pedestrian should not be assigned to a vehicle. Instead, pedestrians should be modeled as walking persons. During network building, no direct connections between pedestrian-only lanes are built. Instead options for building pedestrian intersections should be used.

Custom access restrictions#

The default vehicle classes (including the values custom1 and custom2) can handle most requirements for modelling network access restrictions. However, in some domains such as shipping (draught, beam) and railroads (axle weight, grade), it may be necessary to provide for fine grained numerical access models.

For this, duarouter provides the option --restriction-params to set list of edge and vehicle type generic parameters names.

  • Only those vehicles where the restriction param has a lower value than the corresponding edge param are allowed to move on an edge.
  • If a <vType> does not define a restriction param its value is initialized to 0.
  • If an <edge> does not define a restriction param its value is initialized to 1e40.

Restrictions on ship draught could be modelled in the following manner:

duarouter --restriction-params draught -n -r routes.rou.xml

where has an edge defined as

<edge id="E" from="beg" to="end" priority="-1">
        <lane id="E_0" index="0" allow="ship" speed="13.90" length="100"/>
        <param key="draught" value="10"/>

and routes.rou.xml defined with the following types:

    <vType id="0" vClass="ship">
        <param key="draught" value="5"/>
    <vType id="1" vClass="ship">
        <param key="draught" value="15"/>

In this example, ships of type "0" would be able to use edge "E" whereas ships of type "1" would be prohibited.