Simulation/Output/Traffic Lights

SUMO offers some possibilities to save states of traffic lights during the simulation, a feature mainly used to evaluate adaptive traffic light algorithms. We will now describe these outputs.

TLS States#

Instantiating within the Simulation#

To enable writing tls state information you have to add the following definition into one of your additional-files:

<timedEvent type="SaveTLSStates" source="<TLS_ID>" dest="<OUTPUT_FILE>"/>

The attributes have herein the following meanings:

Attribute Name Value Type Description
type enum (string) type of the event trigger; always "SaveTLSStates" herein.
source referenced tls id The id of the traffic light which state shall be written.
dest file name The file to save the state into.

Generated Output#

The output looks like this:

<tlsStates>
   <tlsState time="<SIM_STEP>" id="<TLS_ID>" programID="<TLS_SUBID>" phase="<PHASE_INDEX>" state="<STATE>"/>
   ... further states ...
</tlsStates>

The state is saved in each simulation step. The state itself is coded as a list of the characters 'G', 'Y', and 'R', standing for "green", "yellow", and "red", respectively, see Simulation/Traffic Lights. Each character describes a link controlled by the traffic light. Only the state of the current program is saved (see also "Adding new Programs"). The attributes have the following meaning:

Name Type Description
time (simulation) seconds The simulation time this entry was generated for
id id The id of the tls that is responsible for the link.
programID id The sub-id of the tls that is (currently) responsible for the link.
phase uint The index of the reported phase within the program
state id The current state

TLS Switches#

Instantiating within the Simulation#

This output contains information about the green light phases of links (lane-to-lane connections). Each green light phase is describes by its begin, end and duration. An entry is written into the file as soon a green phase of a link ends. To enable writing tls switch information you have to add the following definition into one of your additional-files:

<timedEvent type="SaveTLSSwitchTimes" source="<TLS_ID>" dest="<OUTPUT_FILE>"/>

The attributes have herein the following meanings:

Attribute Name Value Type Description
type enum (string) type of the event trigger; always "SaveTLSSwitches" herein.
source referenced tls id The id of the traffic light which state shall be written.
dest file name The file to save the state into.

Generated Output#

The output looks like this:

<tlsSwitches>
   <tlsSwitch tls="<TLS_ID>" programID="<TLS_SUB_ID>" \
      fromLane="<LINKS_SOURCE_LANE>" toLane="<LINK_DESTINATION_LANE>" \
      begin="<BEGIN_OF_GREEN_PHASE>" end="<END_OF_GREEN_PHASE>" \
      duration="<DURATION_OF_GREEN_PHASE>"/>
   ... further switch points ...
</tlsSwitches>

Each entry is written into a single line. The values have the following meanings:

Name Type Description
tls id The id of the tls that is responsible for the link.
programID id The sub-id of the tls that is (currently) responsible for the link.
fromLane id The id of the lane the link starts at.
toLane id The id of the lane the link ends at.
begin (simulation) seconds Begin of this link's last green phase.
end (simulation) seconds End of this link's last green phase.
duration (simulation) seconds Duration of this link's last green phase.

TLS Switch States#

Instantiating within the Simulation#

This output saves tls-states as the TLS States - output does but not every second but only at times the phases or the program (see also "Adding new Programs") change. The output is instantiated by adding the following definition into one of your additional-files:

<timedEvent type="SaveTLSSwitchStates" source="<TLS_ID>" dest="<OUTPUT_FILE>"/>

The attributes have herein the following meanings:

Attribute Name Value Type Description
type enum (string) type of the event trigger; always "SaveTLSSwitchStates" herein.
source referenced tls id The id of the traffic light which state shall be written.
dest file name The file to save the state into.

Generated Output#

The output looks like this:

<tlsStates>
   <tlsState time="<SIM_STEP>" id="<TLS_ID>" programID="<TLS_SUBID>" phase="<PHASE_INDEX>" state="<STATE>"/>
   ... further states ...
</tlsStates>

Each entry is written into a single line. The values have the same meaning as those in the SaveTLSStates-output.

TLS Programs#

Instantiating within the Simulation#

To enable writing tls state information you have to add the following definition into one of your additional-files:

<timedEvent type="SaveTLSProgram" source="<TLS_ID>" dest="<OUTPUT_FILE>"/>

The attributes have herein the following meanings:

Attribute Name Value Type Description
type enum (string) type of the event trigger; always "SaveTLSStates" herein.
source referenced tls id The id of the traffic light which state shall be written.
dest file name The file to save the state into.

Generated Output#

The output is a loadable tlLogic element that records the complete state sequence of a traffic light:

<tlsStates>
   <tlLogic id="<TLS_ID>" programID="<TLS_SUBID>" type="static/>
      <phase state="..." duration="..."
      ...
   </tlLogic>
</tlsStates>

A new phase is saved whenever the state changes. A new tlLogic is written whenever the programID changes.

Coupled Lane Area Detectors#

Instantiating within the Simulation#

It is possible to add E2-detectors which are coupled to a traffic light. Then, the tls is used to determine the intervals (aggregation) time instead of giving a fixed aggregation time. In this case, output will be generated every time the traffic light switches. To use this feature set attribute tl="<TL_ID>" to the desired traffic light id instead off attribute <freq>:

<e2Detector id="<ID>" lane="<LANE_ID>" pos="<POSITION_ON_LANE>" length="<DETECTOR_LENGTH>" tl="<TL_ID>" file="<OUTPUT_FILE>" [timeThreshold="<FLOAT>"] [speedThreshold="<FLOAT>"] [jamThreshold="<FLOAT>"]/>

A further feature allows you to collect measures only for the time the light turns red for a certain link (connection between the incoming and the outgoing lane). This allows measuring the maximum jam length in front of a red traffic light for this link. To enable this, one has to add the name of the following lane: to="<LANE_ID>" to the list of attributes. The incoming lane is already given by the "lane"-attribute.